Nature on St Eustatius

With a population of around 4,000 and land area of 21 km2, St Eustatius is remote, tiny and, as a consequence, not a mass tourist destination. Despite the fact that the island is easily overlooked, its natural heritage is rich and diverse making the island incredibly appealing for nature lovers.

St Eustatius boasts a range of unique, threatened and endangered habitats and species ranging from primary rain forest to magnificent coral reefs. The island is volcanic in origin with lush vegetation ranging from seagrapes and aloe in the coastal areas to ferns and mountain mahogany trees at altitude. There are coral reef bombs and fingers, patch reef and fringing reef and drop off spur and groove systems.

Typical flora and fauna

St Eustatius is a tropical island paradise with its own unique natural history, its own special ecosystems and habitats teeming with rare and exotic life.


The island is home to a wealth of birds especially seabirds. St Eustatius provides nesting sites for the Brown Pelican and roosting sites

Endangered species

Endangered species include three species of sea turtle, Queen Conch, coral species, cacti, orchids and more. Some of these species are mentioned below.


Endangered sea turtles, which have survived in our seas since the time of the dinosaurs

Quill National Park eco-system

The forest filled volcanic crater of the Quill is spectacular. The crater contains a dense

Marine environment

St Eustatius National Marine Park has been termed the ‘undiscovered diving secret of the Caribbean.

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